What’s Model Structure? Definition, Fashions, and Examples



New challenges come up as a company thinks about coming into an untapped market section. For instance, ought to we create a separate model? In that case, which function ought to every model play? How can we cut back confusion for shoppers?

That’s the second when the idea of brand name structure comes into play.

This text will spotlight the necessity for model structure in model administration, discover the three major model structure fashions with sensible examples, and description the professionals and cons of every one in every of them.

What Is Model Structure?

Model structure defines the function of every model and acts as a suggestion for the interrelationship between the manufacturers in your group.

When occupied with including a brand new model or product, it’s essential to grasp the place it is going to sit inside your group. In different phrases, you’ll have to outline what kind of brand name structure you’ll select on your portfolio of manufacturers.

To simplify the idea, think about that your group is a home:

  • The place will your model be positioned throughout the structure of that home?
  • Which function will every model play?
  • What will likely be its relationship with different manufacturers, if any?

The solutions to those questions will information you in selecting the sufficient model structure framework on your group.

Why is Model Structure Vital?

A well-implemented model structure brings many advantages:

  • Elevated readability within the market: Constructing a model structure helps individuals perceive your group and types the way in which you need them to. It’s going to obtain readability of product choices for all stakeholders, together with shoppers and staff.
  • Elevated income by means of cross-selling: A well-defined framework permits manufacturers to feed off one another with enticing items and worth propositions tailor-made to an array of audiences. If an organization can ship a constructive expertise with one model, it gives many alternatives for its associated companions throughout the model portfolio.
  • Elevated model fairness: All manufacturers serving a particular area of interest will finally drive development and positively promote the mum or dad firm. The mum or dad firm has consequently extra capacity to generate new income, increase its buyer base, and improve the complete group’s worth (= model fairness).
  • Higher firm tradition: Staff perceive their model’s place within the greater image and really feel extra included. Model structure therefore creates a way of belonging.
  • Lowered total model injury: Threats to the picture of a model don’t essentially have a direct, damaging affect on the model picture of the mum or dad firm. Relying on the chosen model structure mannequin, the injury will be contained and never unfold throughout the complete group.
  • More practical change administration: Responding to exterior influences, all manufacturers should adapt and alter over time. A transparent system can assist in managing the method, guaranteeing that mandatory modifications are applied successfully and effectively.

The important thing to efficiently coordinating the interrelationships between manufacturers is adopting a system of manufacturers for his or her group, aka a model structure mannequin.

3 Totally different Kinds of Model Structure

Model structure fashions confer with a method that organizes manufacturers and their choices below a single, overarching model.

These highest-level manufacturers are additionally generally referred to as company, umbrella, household, mum or dad, or grasp manufacturers. It’s basically a mum or dad firm managing a number of manufacturers that present various product choices to an enormous vary of shoppers at varied worth factors.

Under, we clarify the three major model structure fashions with real-world examples. All of them characteristic a mum or dad/grasp model with sub-brands.

The Branded Home

The Branded Home is the commonest kind of brand name structure.

Inside the sort of structure, the group is the grasp model. The grasp model owns a number of sub-brands which will characteristic the grasp model title or brand, along with variations that embody the product title or a service description.

It’s an all-encompassing model technique, giving manufacturers room to develop and market themselves. But they don’t function independently of each other and abide by the company model’s total pointers and technique.


Branded House
Apple and FedEx are examples of the Branded Home structure.

With steady enchancment and its give attention to delivering high-quality services and products, Apple is a Branded Home instance that has flourished as a trusted supply for revolutionary tech merchandise just like the iPod, iPhone, iMac, Apple TV+, and iPad. By adopting this model structure, Apple grew to become the primary firm worldwide to achieve a $3 trillion (!) market worth (on the time of writing in January 2022).

FedEx exemplifies the Branded Home definition as a result of its title, brand, and model repute are entrance and heart throughout its number of companies. With FedEx prefacing its Specific, Freight, Floor, and Logistics companies, shoppers can clearly establish the Branded Home. The mum or dad group builds model fairness and communicates with a constant, company model voice.

Benefits of the Branded Home:

  • The sub-brands enhance the grasp model by means of constant visibility, and the company model advantages from this widespread publicity as total model fairness will increase.
  • The visible unification and readability cut back the confusion for shoppers. They affiliate a sub-brand routinely with the qualities of the overarching grasp model.
  • The Branded Home is a really cost-effective and environment friendly model structure mannequin. The mum or dad group should devise just one advertising and model technique that applies to all of the choices.

Disadvantages of the Branded Home:

  • An issue with one of many sub-brands or merchandise can negatively have an effect on the model repute of the grasp model and group (threat by affiliation).
  • There’s a threat for a possible dilution of the grasp model. When a model gives services or products in a number of classes, its total model message can turn out to be too diffuse. Take into consideration Apple: Is it a cellphone firm? A streaming service? A laptop computer producer?
  • The Branded Home mannequin is comparatively rigid. It may be compromised if the mum or dad firm doesn’t ship or lacks high quality and attraction. In the identical means, it turns into very expensive to construct total model fairness if the sub-brands don’t carry out nicely.

Home of Manufacturers

Within the Home of Manufacturers model structure mannequin, a company owns a group of distinct manufacturers below a mum or dad model that individuals would possibly or won’t concentrate on.

The manufacturers handle and market themselves individually with respective model names, logos, slogans, and promotional techniques.

The mum or dad model is principally wanted for administrative or funding causes.

To make clear the distinction between a Branded Home vs. a Home of Manufacturers structure: In a Branded Home mannequin, clients are conscious of the mum or dad firm on each touchpoint with any sub-brand, whereas in a Home of Manufacturers framework, every model voices its personal message and positions itself as a definite model inside an outlined market section.


House of Brands
Procter & Gamble and Yum! are examples of the Home of Manufacturers structure.

Procter & Gamble is on the forefront when exploring a Home of Manufacturers structure mannequin in apply. As an alternative of concentrating on constructing the mum or dad model’s repute, P&G instills a model structure that optimizes the visibility and validity of its 65 particular person manufacturers throughout 10 product classes for five billion shoppers worldwide. With international market success for over 180 years, the company model has scaled its operations but intentionally provides all of the accolades to the person manufacturers. The conglomerate Home of Manufacturers options many well-known merchandise, together with Tide, Crest, Pampers, Ariel, Charmin, At all times, Oral-B, Vicks, and Gillette.

Yum! is one other instance that applies a Home of Manufacturers framework as Yum! is the mum or dad model of Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, KFC, and The Behavior Burger Grill. Although all of Yum!’s sub-brands function within the fast-food trade, every restaurant is positioned in another way out there. Most clients are unaware of the mum or dad firm behind these well-known manufacturers.

Benefits of the Home of Manufacturers: 

  • It’s attainable to diversify the enterprise portfolio and improve the attain. Firms can goal with a Home of Manufacturers structure very totally different audiences and play with totally different pricing methods.
  • The liberty to enter new markets with out affecting the opposite manufacturers. Firms can subsequently take extra dangers with new services or products choices.
  • The corporate’s repute is stored safe. The backlash on the group’s model picture is restricted in case of underperformance or reputational injury of a sub-brand.

Disadvantages of the Home of Manufacturers:

  • A Home of Manufacturers structure is pricey because the group must construct every model from scratch with a really distinct model and advertising technique.
  • With out the firepower of a well known Branded Home, manufacturers can not depend on the mum or dad model’s efficiency and repute to spice up their very own model repute. Because of this, particular person manufacturers could possibly be perceived as sole firms providing peculiar commodities.
  • Potential confusion amongst shoppers as to what represents the corporate. Take into consideration Procter & Gamble: Does P&G symbolize the manufacturers? Or do the manufacturers symbolize P&G?

Hybrid Model Structure

Someplace in the course of the 2 model structure fashions talked about above lies the Hybrid Structure – in any other case generally known as the “Blended Home”.

A Hybrid Model Structure mixes components of each the Branded Home and Home of Manufacturers fashions to present every sub-brand most benefit, both by means of endorsement or independence.

In distinction to a whole independence of manufacturers, the endorsement technique contains a mum or dad model and related sub-brands. All sub-brands include their model guarantees however use components from the mum or dad firm as a discrete approach to profit from the mum or dad model’s repute.

The Hybrid Model Structure method is commonly a results of mergers and acquisitions.


Hybrid Brand Architecture
Marriott and Toyota are examples of a Hybrid Model Structure.

Marriott is a Hybrid Model Structure instance in that a few of its properties sport the Marriott title and brand whereas others lack an apparent, identifiable connection. For example, Courtyard by Marriott, Marriott Bonvoy, and JW Marriott entice totally different audiences, though the mum or dad firm endorsement is obvious. However, resort chains resembling Sheraton and Westin convey their very own model id whether or not or not most people acknowledges its stature as a sub-brand to Marriott.

Toyota is one other instance of a Hybrid Structure. Although the corporate sells most of its vehicles below the mum or dad model title ‘Toyota’, it owns and operates supplementary automakers, together with Lexus, Scion, Hino, Ranz, and Daihatsu. Toyota’s model structure captures a various clientele. Lexus, its luxurious arm, rivals high-end manufacturers like BMW and Mercedes-Benz; nonetheless, extra price-conscious automobile homeowners are drawn to Toyota or one in every of its extra economical manufacturers like Daihatsu. Toyota has utilized a model technique that provides an vehicle for anybody, whether or not SUV or sedan, reasonably priced or first-class.

Benefits of a Hybrid Model Structure: 

  • It permits organizations to get the very best of each worlds.
  • On the one hand, the flexibleness of a Home of Manufacturers structure the place new, experimental choices will be added to an organization’s portfolio whereas holding the group’s repute safe.
  • However, the notice of the mum or dad model and the model associations that include a Branded Home framework. Each drastically facilitate launching a brand new sub-brand in an untapped market section.

Disadvantages of a Hybrid Model Structure: 

  • As with the benefits, the hybrid mannequin additionally inherits the disadvantages of each the Branded Home (e.g., inflexibility and repute threat for the mum or dad firm) and the Home of Manufacturers (e.g., further bills and administration time).
  • It may additionally confuse shoppers as some sub-brands are related, and others disassociated with the mum or dad model.
  • In the identical means, it may be a problem for the advertising workforce to maintain the model books up to date and never get misplaced when reviewing the model identities of every model within the firm’s portfolio.

Which Model Structure Sort Ought to You Choose?

The mentioned benefits and downsides of every model structure mannequin can information you to decide which framework to undertake on your group.

Nonetheless, no matter every mannequin’s execs and cons, it’s important to first analyze and perceive your individual group and the prevailing setup. You must ask your self:

  • What’s our product/companies combine?
  • What potential new alternatives and extensions are on the horizon?
  • How about trade developments?
  • How can we at present talk?
  • What’s our market share?
  • What’s our ROI?

Any model structure ought to intention so as to add worth to the prevailing services and products whereas reaching synergies to higher the complete portfolio of (future) manufacturers.

It’s important to say that model structure shouldn’t be a static idea.

As a result of ever-changing nature of enterprise (e.g., mergers, acquisitions, model extensions, new product choices), model managers ought to monitor and overview the present structure usually and alter it every time they see the necessity. Like this, they will be certain that the general group and all manufacturers absolutely profit from the chosen architectural construction.


A well-implemented model structure can convey many benefits to a company. It may drive income, improve model fairness, seize clients, and create a concise company tradition with a compelling model story.

Relying in your group’s wants, you possibly can select between 3 model structure fashions, every with distinct advantages and downsides.

Sub-brands inside a Branded Home framework can profit from the repute and consciousness of the mum or dad model. In a Home of Manufacturers setting, new choices will be safely added to an organization’s portfolio whereas defending the group’s model repute. In a Hybrid Model Structure mannequin, you get the very best of each worlds, but you additionally want to contemplate growing prices and administration time.

To reach implementing a model structure, it is important to research your current product combine and present positioning. If shoppers get combined messages or unclear correlations among the many household of manufacturers, model structure negatively impacts your group because it misleads and confuses most people.



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